Ali Ettefagh at PostGlobal

Ali Ettefagh

Tehran, Iran

Dr. Ali Ettefagh serves as a director of Highmore Global Corporation, an investment company in emerging markets of Eastern Europe, CIS, and the Middle East. He is the co-author of several books on trade conflict, resolution of international trade disputes, conflicts in letters of credit, trade-related banking transactions, sovereign debt, arbitration and dispute resolutions and publications specific to the oil and gas, communication, aviation and finance sectors. Dr. Ettefagh is a member of the executive committee and the board of directors of The Development Foundation, an advisor to the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, and an advisor to a number of European companies. Dr. Ettefagh speaks Persian (Farsi), English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Arabic and Turkish. Close.

Ali Ettefagh

Tehran, Iran

Dr. Ali Ettefagh serves as a director of Highmore Global Corporation, an investment company in emerging markets of Eastern Europe, CIS, and the Middle East. more »

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Create a UN Protectorate

More than 40 years have passed since the 1967 war and at least two generations of Arabs and Palestinians are waiting for an equitable outcome of this endless saga. Extremists on both sides continue to undermine that aim. It is time to return to the principles of the UN Charter -- and let the UN take charge.

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All Comments (37)

Fred, Bos:


Rick :

The Iranians would neither use or abuse the bomb.
But I can not deny it would put a leash on that stray dog who often goes around and bite the opporessed ones.

Fred, Bos:


Quoting,
"Ben Graham:
Given the Iranian funding of Hamas, to the tune of $250 million and the funding of Hezbollah to the tune of much, much more, I think that it is time to impose a UN protectorate over Iran and call it "Persia". The UN protectorate would operate Persia for the benefit of its people, including allowing all adults to vote for any candidate they wish and to divert the monies spent on developing nuclear weapons to developing decent housing. A Persian protectorate, Mr. Ettefagh, is a more pressing matter for the UN."


Ben, Anyone with the least amount of intelligence and common sense would tell you the UN equals US nowadays.
The Iranians have to be ones like you or ones you take them for if they would entertain such ideas.
Further, the Iranians know enough that their natural resources are not everlasting and are smart enough to predict their future need and develope adequate technologies to meet their future need and anyone to deliberately project wrong meaning of this would be biased and disingenuous on his or her part.

Having said that, I strongly believe, if an independent and capable UN existed, such an imposition as you have suggested, would suit best to be implemented right here in US where an unimaginable amount of money is spent to execute foreign policies of another country and likewise, fight someone else's war too and needless to mention the untold innocent blood being shed.
And only then, this world would be a safe and pleasant to live in.

Aaron:

The Palestinian people elected Hamas. Hamas continues to launch daily rocket attacks on Israel. Today 5 rockets fell on Sderot, destroying a house and wounding several residents. Hamas has said they are not interested in peace, they are interested in the elimination of the zionist entity. I think the majority of the Palestinians think this way too. That's why there won't be a two-state solution. Either the palestinians will be confined to Gaza and ejected to Jordan from the West Bank, or Israel will cease to exist and all of the area of Gaza, the West Bank and Israel will become Hamastan/Palestine.

aileen:

I would like to see the U.S. government as a whole, as well as its current president and presidential candidates support more international affairs. Problems like global poverty are affecting each and every one of us on a daily basis. The U.S. should not forget the commitment made towards the U.N. Millennium Goals (an international pact of ending extreme world hunger by the year 2025) in 2000. According to The Borgen Project, an annual $19 billion dollars is needed to end world hunger by the year 2025. To my sense, it is unacceptable to have spent so far more than $340 billion in Iraq only, when we have more than war immunities to change the world and eliminate poverty.

Richard:

The UN is a farce. They can't protect people in the Sudan who have been murdered for years. They did nothing in Somolia or Lebanon. The UN!??? You can't be thinking straight!

Forgiven:

The occupation has not made Israel safer and it has only inflamed the passions of the Palestinians and the Arab world. Before the Hamas victory in elections, Israel had ample opportunity to negotiate with the moderate Palestinians, but instead chose to stonewall the process and continue to build settlements, settlements that violate the letter and the spirit of the peace process. However, due to their lobbying efforts and media domination they have been able to present the occupation as being humane and in the best interest of the Palestinians. The Palestinians are too barbaric to be able to govern themselves and require the benevolent assistance of the Israelis to save them from themselves. This picture will again be played out in the main stream press as the violence intensifies.

Of course throughout this process what won’t be discussed are the efforts of the Israelis and the US to destabilize the Palestinians and to keep them splintered so they cannot mount an effective defense against the media savvy Israelis. Thus allowing them to present the Palestinians as uncivilized and therefore unworthy of having a place at the bargaining table. This has allowed the Israelis to continue to fortify their positions and settlements in the occupied territory. The Israelis and the US will disavow any complicity in the violence that is now taking place in Gaza, not accepting that this violence is in direct response to the fact that the lawfully elected government is being kept from governing by the interference of Washington and Tele Aviv.

False history gets made all day, any day,
the truth of the new is never on the news - Adrienne Rich

http://thedisputedtruth.blogspot.com/

Rick:

This predicament demonstrates how difficult it can be to correct an initial mistake. It's hard to believe this began just 90 years ago.

Beginning with the Balfour Declaration of 1917: "His Majesty would view with favor the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Said homeland not to interfere with the rights of the Palestinian people....". Right.

Then in 1947, Truman was forced to go along with the partition of Palestine by the pressure of an election. He was being killed in the polls by Dewey and public opinion, which did not want to go along with Harry's preferred approach of accepting 500,000 Jewish immigrants into the U.S.

In hindsight, would that he had stuck to his guns. The buck should have stopped there.

At this point, the only solution is to go back to the pre-1947 map of Palestine and divide it evenly into two equal states. The alternative is to wait for Iran to develop The Bomb and put the Israelis out of their misery.

Anonymous:

Robert Brill

Palestinians did want a 2 state solution, per Oslo Agreement. But the New Likud just went back on the word of their government and started building walls, complete lock-down of Arafat in his compound and essentially created a prison environment for Palestinians. That backfired and Palestinians got fed up and voted for HAMAS. No body can deny the reality of those Palestinian votes.

Persian Redneck:

Poster Ben Graham seems to have not read the question on the main page of this blog, to which the writer has responded. The topic is not about Iran.

And there is nothing wrong with Iran investing and funding in its own political interests in the region. That same poster also forgets that all of those "allies" of America in the region are despotic regimes that have no tolerance for the ballot box. At least in Iran, we have had 9 presidential elections and 7 parliamentary elections (imperfect as they might be, alas women have the right to vote!!!) ever since Iran got rid of the Shah and its alliance with USA. Can't say the same about Kuwait, Saudi Arabia or UAE or more importantly women having any rights there---vote or other basic rights!

So, do not try to paper over the historically proven mistake of creating Israel and betting on a wrong scenario for 6 decades with issues of another country like Iran. During the same period of 6 decades, Iranians didnot see a ballot box during the first 3 (thanks to America's support of the Shah) but they have 3 decades of a young and fragile start towards a system that is just getting used to the ballot box.

Hoslo:

Oh I forgot:
Read more Haaretz Mr. Graham!

:)

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/873059.html

Hoslo:

To Ben Graham:
It seems that you are reading to much
Jerusalem post:) (Propaganda)

That is sad!

To all others:
Read The Guardian!
Read Alvaro de Soto’s End of mission report!

Download at:
http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,,2101570,00.html

Don Quixote:

This is a beginning of an approach, but I think we need to go the whole way and make all of Palestine into a UN protectorate and eliminate the State of Israel as a nation. To make the new nation viablez;
1) relocate all UN offices and staff to the new state
2) Demilitarize the new state, eliminate all weapons
3) For the next 7 years, provide only international UN Blue helmet peace keepers as the police for the new state
4) During the 7 years, train a competely new generation of peace keepers as the national police; this force must reflect all nationalities
5) Allow all Palestinian refugees to return to the new state
6) All residents of the new state must begin with some parity in economic status. This means that all refugees must be given some level of economice support, access to land, access to shops and homes throughout the new state.
7) The new state must be secular, but respect all religions to worship as they please in peace.
8) Their must be a free and supported imigration policy for the Jews who do not want to stay in the new state.

Ben Graham:

Given the Iranian funding of Hamas, to the tune of $250 million and the funding of Hezbollah to the tune of much, much more, I think that it is time to impose a UN protectorate over Iran and call it "Persia". The UN protectorate would operate Persia for the benefit of its people, including allowing all adults to vote for any candidate they wish and to divert the monies spent on developing nuclear weapons to developing decent housing. A Persian protectorate, Mr. Ettefagh, is a more pressing matter for the UN.

bankermeis:

Oh yeah, turn over the handling of financial aid to the UN instead of the PLO or HAMAS directly. What the heck is the difference? The UN is no more responsible, and could be considered more corrupt in handling financial matters, and the UN has a long record of wasteful spending.

SAM:

PALISRA could be thje magic word.
It is a sad situation that both Israelis and Palestinians have been fighting and killing each other for more than 60 years now and unfortunately, no light could be seen at the end of this dark tunnel.
The geography and demography of the area that extends between River Jordan and the Mediterranean indicate the complexity of the current situation. Every party is trying hard to grab by mere force what is in the hand of the other. Many wars have been staged and thousands of innocent lives have been shed for this purpose.
Nowadays, almost everybody is talking about setting up two countries for both Israelis and Palestinians. This simply means that the land of historical Palestine will be divided between the two parties, Israelis and Palestinians.
I doubt very much that either party will be satisfied with his share of the cake. There are chronic problems like Jerusalem, refugees, settlements, borders, water resources that nobody on earth can sort out to the satisfaction of both parties.
The short vision of setting up two separate states could sow the seeds for more bloody conflicts in the future. Nobody can guarantee or secure permanent and lasting peace under this proposition.
A far better viable solution that should satisfy both parties and put an end to all complicated issues is available. It is the establishment of one country for all on the whole territory of historical Palestine that includes the West Bank and Gaza besides Israel. Jerusalem will remain united for both parties, settlements could remain where they are now provided an appropriate compensation is made to the original land owners, natural geographical borders are already in place for the whole country and the issue of refugees could be settled by allowing refugees to return home and to be compensated for the 60 years of misery they had to spend at refugee camps. All citizens of the new state, PALISRA (Palestine +Israel), would enjoy equal rights and bear the same responsibilities.
The newly established state, PALISRA will emerge as a prosperous and safe country within a very short period of time, and citizens of this state will learn how to respect and even cherish each other. PALIRA will become a key player and an integral part of the Middle

robert brill:

Mr. Ettefagh's article progresses on the assumption that Palestinians either (a) want a two state solution or (b) are willing to have one imposed on them. I do not believe either is true. What is true today has been true since day one - Palestinians do not accept the State of Israel, regardless of the borders. The 1948 state was much smaller than the 1967 state which was much smaller than the currently controlled territory. Every decision by the Palestinians and the Arab nations that go to war results in disaster for the Palestinians but this is always blamed on others. Jordan and Egypt could have donated the West Bank and Gaza to a Palestinian state from 1948-1967 but no two state solution was desired, so they missed that opportunity.

Peace cannot happen until the people involved want peace. I am sure an Israeli referendum would show 70% with a desire for peace and a two state solution. On the other hand, the Palestinians elected Hamas. You get the government you deserve. I am sure it would be hard to pick between Hamas' endless war and Fatah's endless corruption but until 70% of the Palestinians want a two state solution, there will be no peace. At some point, even for the Germans and the Japanese, enough of one's people get killed that the ones still alive say "enough." Apparently, the Palestinians have not yet had enough of their own people getting killed.

Redrum:

Hey "Libretarianboy", the situation on Bosnia has been going on for about 600 years now. It started WWI and a bunch of other conflicts. As long as amoral politicians and corrupt clerics can gain power by whipping up hatred of other people based on their race or religion, this sort of thing will Never-Ever go away. It can go away for years or even decades, like it did in Yugoslavia under the Tito dictatorship, but when a power vacuum arises, power-hungry politicians will attempt to form a base by gathering a band of losers under a banner of hatred. Once organized, they stop being society's dregs and become it's overlords. Witness the ascension of the National Socialists in the 1930's, Hamas and Hezbollah are equally potent examples.

That’s why racism and religious bigotry are always bad, no matter who they are against. The hatred, if allowed to exist, will eventually be exploited and have terrible consequences. The Arab countries’ leaders think they are clever by whipping up hatred for the Jews and Christians because they have already purified their lands of such folk. “Hey, let’s have the commoners hate those foreigners, it’ll make our power more secure”. But the habit of hatred, once learned, is a universal tool. Like they say, if all you have is a hammer, everything begins to look like a nail. So if all the people have is hatred, guess what? - They’ll start using it at home. The governing elites of the Arab countries are poisoning their own culture and society. They will always be the world’s losers because of it.

Think of it this way: You’re a soldier and your commander comes up to you wearing a chemical isolation suit and carrying a bucket. He say “Here, Libretarianboy, here is a new chemical weapon called Hate-Red to use against our racial and cultural enemies, the Joos. Just take a mouthful of this chemical and run up and spit it in their eyes, that’ll kill ‘em pretty quick”. Do you say, “Yes, Captain Asaad (or Arafat or whoever)!,” and obey? No, because that’s obviously stupid. But it’s what happens to a society when its overlords use hatred to stay in power.

why not?:

Yep, time to start with a new vision. Enough of the old stuff. One of these days, we all have to realise that present solutions are not working at all.

libretarianboy:

Small difference between kosovow and israel/palestine. The extreme violence has been going on much longer in the middle east. Several generations have now known nothing but conflict. It's alot easier to restore order in areas where the populace remembers something better than violence.

12345:

Pahlawan

You say: No sane nation shouldsend their soldiers to die in vain.

It cannot be worse than Iraq, could it now? If you look at what happened in Kosovo, there was home-brewed violence, factional fights, etc. between Albanian-origin Kosovars vs. real Kosovars vs. Serb Kosovar Christians. It is now all settled and there is law and order, and talk about independence for Kosovo, to be enacted by UN, all as Serbia considers it within its borders. If Israel goes back to 1967 borders and actually quits Gaza and the West Bank, and that is a BIG if, then the UN protectorate will eventually nurse the place towards stability and statehood.

Pahlwan:

I agree completely that unemployment and poverty are the root economic causes of a portion of the violence and must be corrected. Instead of "buying them fish", let's help them to catch them themselves. This terrible situation clearly has been exacerbated by the Israeli control over key services which is an affront to both national and individual pride.

However, unless and until the Palestinian people overwhelmingly renounce those within their populace who advocate violence and the destruction of Isreal, nothing will change. And, until then, no sane nation should send their soldiers to die in vain.

Anonymous:

Pahlawan

If there is a UN protectorate and a transparent finance system, Saudis, Kuwaitis, and other oil producers can fund it.
The $100m a month of Palestinian money is a mere 6 hours of Saudi oil revenue!!!!

Anonymous:

Pahlawan

If there is a UN protectorate and a transparent finance system, Saudis, Kuwaitis, and other oil producers can fund it.
The $100 a month of Palestinian money is a mere 6 hours of Saudi oil revenue!!!!

Blog reader:

Dear Pahlawan:

The cost of funding aid money can easily fund this venture. Americans will save billions from aid to Israel and several hundred millions of EU and US money to the Palestinians. If that aid money is diverted to creating jobs, then there will be less unemployed Palestinians roaming around, they might learn a trade and have some hope for their future. It is not a large sum of money as there are only 6m Palestinians.
If the region is settled, America will spend less money on defence as well.

Pahlwan:

So who is going to fund this UN force? And, more importantly whose soldiers are going to die trying to impose peace and stability in the area when the factions themselves cannot agree on the ultimate goals or relinquish their corrupt patronage. This time let someone other than the US take the lead. Good luck France, China and Russia... Godspeed

Goodard:

A clear an objective review of hard facts. The Arab-Israel matter must be resolved and settled, not just divided into "friend and foe" groupings of Palestinians. This will only polarize the opinion of the Arab street and give more room for extremists to plant seeds of hatred.

Hoslo:

Brilliant Mr. Ettefagh! As always! We should listen more to this brilliant man!
You and Mr. Kåre Willoch of Norway should have solved Middle East’s problems with your clear analyses and brilliant solutions. I hope some powerful people read your ideas!

Euro Reader:

I think the writer wants a UN protectorate in Gaza and West Bank, and it is an excellent idea. Kosovo was/is a province inside Serbian borders, just as Gaza and the West Bank is within borders of Israel.

It is time to break the cycle of violence. I also like the idea of the writer about having all parts of a short, medium and long-term goals in one single document and UNSC resolution so that we have every thing fleshed out in advance.

This is a 50+ year old problem. It must be fixed and soon.

mohammad allam:

the biggest nistake that palestianian people done was the concluding the oslo agreement with israel . before there was only one option before palestian to have justice from UNO resolution but oslo and post oslo agreement weakend the Uno resolution and gave a complete free hand to israel to do in the name of oslo agreement.By this agreement israel got every thing and paletian lost every thing.
In process of time from its establishment israel cleaverly isolated every big muslim from the cause of palestine.egypt kept aloof from getting sinai,Turkey got military pact and economic pact with israel,saudia arabia silenced with American influence ,Iraq was destroyed ,syria kept aloof by golan hieght and jordan by giving gaza strip with west freindship.so who can advocate the cause of palestian?other power like russia cannot go against americ and israel for other cause.
UNo an extention of American foreighn department will never solve this problem without the active support of American leaders and Anerican leader s cannot go against the powerfull lobby of hews and jews controlled media.And here is word that power only decide the fate of nation.and poor paletianian lacking behind.so poor fellow have to wage their own war of freedom with unity.they will unite they will get,they will disunite they will useless like sand .

M:

Sorry for the repost, I clicked too many times.

Also, note that Israel returned the Sinai Desert to Egypt in return for peace and the Israelis have a peace treaty with Jordan. The liberal Ehud Barak met at Camp David with Arafat and Pres. Clinton and made the best offfer ever to Arafat, who refused to continue negotiating without a Palestinian right to return that would have been a time bomb for Israel. Pres Clinton attributed the failure of those negotiations to Arafat. Arafat could not overcome his penchant for violence and corruption to obtain a state.
The Palestinians need to accept Israel, develop an economy and move forward. They keep losing.

M:

The UN imposed a two state solution in 1947. They gave part of Palestine to the Palestinians and part of Palestine to the State of Israel.

However, the Palestinians chose not to recognize Israel and with the help of Egypt, Jordan , Iraq and Syria, they instead invaded Israel in 1948. They went on to lose this war and some of the territory that the UN granted to them.

From 1948-1967, the West Bank was controlled by Jordan and the Gaza Strip was controlled by Egypt. I do not recall any interest in a Palestinian state in that era. Why didn't they establish it then?

M:

The UN imposed a two state solution in 1947. They gave part of Palestine to the Palestinians and part of Palestine to the State of Israel.

However, the Palestinians chose not to recognize Israel and with the help of Egypt, Jordan , Iraq and Syria, they instead invaded Israel in 1948. They went on to lose this war and some of the territory that the UN granted to them.

From 1948-1967, the West Bank was controlled by Jordan and the Gaza Strip was controlled by Egypt. I do not recall any interest in a Palestinian state in that era. Why didn't they establish it then?

NS:

"I would like to ask everyone who speaks of a two state solution what would these people do it they were occupied.Put yourself in the place of palestianians and then speak"

Funny, in around the same time Israel was created, not too far away a new country called Pakistan was created for "Indian Muslims". And yes, Pakistan became Muslim because of Islamic invaders who invaded and occupied India for close to 800 years. Hindus were killed in the millions in this long period of occupation and most of those who survived were forcibly converted to Islam. These demographic changes lead to a muslim majority in the north western part of India ,which became "Pakistan".

Tariq, that answers your question of how a two state solution is possible . - it is merely forced on you by circumstances. Of course in Israels case, they can atleast make a legitimate point that they were reclaiming land that they lived in thousands of years ago and built their temples. muslims living in pakistan cannot even make a legitimate claim ,let alone re-claim.

So, Tariq if the world can live with the India Pakistan "solution", it can damned well live with the Israel/Palestine two state solution.

Taqi Ahmed Taha:

I personally feel all this is again another story.The UN is'nt going to do anything it is a puppet in the hands of the west.Battle lines have been drawn palestians should fight back.Its better to be killed at blank point rather than live under occupation.I would like to ask everyone who speaks of a two state solution what would these people do it they were occupied.Put yourself in the place of palestianians and then speak.When it comes to them they speak differently and when the problem comes to others the rule suddenly changes this is the so called definition of equity in the west.

Redrum:

On reflection, I see that you are proposing a two-state solution, not a single United Palistine. My error.

A two state solution is indeed the only practical one, but the Palestinians would never accept it. I stand by my comments about the impossibility of the UN (as it is now constituted) being able to impose anything on the Palestinians against their will. The vast majority of them will settle for nothing less than the death or expulsion of all Jews from the area.

If, on the other hand, the Palestinians were willing to accept mere statehood, peace, freedom and prosperity, they would have made a serious attempt to implement the Oslo accords.

Redrum:

No, Joe, the greatest mistakes in recent history were the Louisiana Purchase (well, the sale was a mistake), Napoleon's invasion of Russia, Hitler's invasion of Russia, and the bombing of Pearl harbor. Each of these errors led to the loss of a vast empire. Dinky little Palestine doesn't rate.

And Ali, what can I say. Not gonna happen. Do you really think the Israelis would willingly hand over the Middle East's second best military and and an arsenal of nuclear weapons because the toothless UN says so? Do you really think the Israelis would willingly become minorities in a new country where the majority has been trying to kill them off for three generations? Do you really think the Palestinians would stop trying to kill their new Jewish fellow citizens? Do you really think the Palestinians would accept a new "occupation" by the UN? Do you really think that they would accept the rule of law and not the rule of the gun? Do you really think anyone whose life isn't threatened daily with terror bombings and rock-throwing hooligans would have the staying power to fight off a Third Intifada? Do you?

joe:

establishing a jewish homeland in a place where 88% of the people already living there were not jewish was probably the biggest mistake in history.

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