The slaughter last week of Kikuyus and Luos in Kenya reminded us that this is a world of tribes. How should wise governments deal with the reality of tribal loyalties and tribal violence?

David Responds

Posted by David Ignatius on January 10, 2008 3:38 PM


Originally from Pakistan, Anwer Sher is based in Dubai and writes for Gulf News, Khaleej Times and Emirates Today. His varied career experience includes banking, consulting, and real estate development. He has a Masters degree in International Relations.

Allegiance to the Clan

Don’t expect tribal countries to modernize peacefully, or overnight.

Posted by Anwer Sher Dubai, UAE | 23 COMMENTS
Jan 11, 2008 at 2:25 PM
Lamis Andoni is a Middle East consultant for Al Jazeera, the Qatar-based news station. She has been covering the Middle East for 20 years. She has reported for the Christian Science Monitor, the Financial Times and the main newspapers in Jordan. She was a professor at the Graduate School in UC Berkeley.

Globalizing Our Tribes

"Free market globalization" has not replaced tribalism with modern institutions – it has only built more walls.

Posted by Lamis Andoni Doha, Qatar | 7 COMMENTS
Jan 11, 2008 at 2:20 PM
Dr. Njogu is C.E.O of Twaweza Communications. He was previously Associate Professor of African languages and literatures at Kenyatta University.

Kenya’s Identity Crisis

Wise governments don’t manipulate the differences between their citizens for political gain.

Posted by Kimani Njogu Nairobi, Kenya | 34 COMMENTS
Jan 10, 2008 at 11:37 AM
Miriam Leitao is a reporter and columnist for O Globo and Radio CBN in Brazil. She is also a commentator on Globo TV Network and runs her own blog,, hosted at Globo online at She was awarded Columbia University’s Maria Moors Cabot Prize in 2005.

Stop Tribal Manipulation

African governments must stop pitting poor communities against each other to stay in power.

Posted by Miriam Leitao Rio de Janeiro, Brazil | 8 COMMENTS
Jan 10, 2008 at 11:32 AM
Dr. Ali Ettefagh serves as a director of Highmore Global Corporation, an investment company in emerging markets of Eastern Europe, CIS, and the Middle East. He is the co-author of several books on trade conflict, resolution of international trade disputes, conflicts in letters of credit, trade-related banking transactions, sovereign debt, arbitration and dispute resolutions and publications specific to the oil and gas, communication, aviation and finance sectors. Dr. Ettefagh is a member of the executive committee and the board of directors of The Development Foundation, an advisor to the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, and an advisor to a number of European companies. Dr. Ettefagh speaks Persian (Farsi), English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Arabic and Turkish.

Tribal Mentality Only Natural

Tribal behavior and violent conduct are inseparable parts of human psyche. They are hardly local problems in Kenya.

Posted by Ali Ettefagh Tehran, Iran | 3 COMMENTS
Jan 10, 2008 at 11:30 AM


» frank burns | The byline,"Wise governments don't manipulate their citizens' differences for political gain" is something that the Carl Rovian politickers in the US ...
» Sam Wekesa | There are Kenyans like me who do not vote and do not follow politics.I know better than to trust those clowns with my vote so, I resolve to keep away...
» James Wachai | Anybody who argues that the current conflict isn't ethically-related is living in a world of his own. I am a Kikuyu living in the United States. My ne...

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PostGlobal is an interactive conversation on global issues moderated by Newsweek International Editor Fareed Zakaria and David Ignatius of The Washington Post. It is produced jointly by Newsweek and, as is On Faith, a conversation on religion. Please send us your comments, questions and suggestions.